In furtherance of its charitable mission in providing educational resources to its community and the general public, Cleveland Clinic has developed and created educational health information. All material appearing on, and other websites owned and run by the Cleveland Clinic Foundation is copyrighted and cannot be reused without permission. This policy explains the options for using copyrighted material from our website(s).

Education Materials

“Material” includes without limitation, all text, data, illustrations, graphical elements, animation, photos and tools, appearing on this site.

Although all pages that provide health information have been written or reviewed and approved by Cleveland Clinic physicians or health professionals unless otherwise specified, the material contained on these pages are not intended to replace the medical advice of your doctor or health care provider. Please consult your health care provider for advice about a specific medical condition. Please remember that these materials, in the absence of a visit with a health care professional, must be considered as an educational service only and are not designed to replace a physician's independent judgment about the appropriateness or risks of a procedure for a given patient.

Please consult your health care provider for advice about a specific medical condition.


All Materials are the sole and exclusive property of Cleveland Clinic unless otherwise noted, and you acquire no right, license, title or interest therein or thereto through the use of this website.

In no event shall you modify, delete or change in any way any Cleveland Clinic copyright or trademarks or other Cleveland Clinic ownership designations or any Materials.

Right to Use and Restrictions on Use

You may only print one single copy of any of the materials on this site provided that such materials may only be reprinted for personal, non commercial use. Otherwise, reproduction of materials in any form is prohibited except with the prior written permission of Cleveland Clinic.

No edits or alterations to the material are permitted. Cleveland Clinic copyright notice must not be removed from any material.

Reprint rights do not allow you to repackage, sell, resell, post on blogs or any other website, display, republish, reproduce, link or frame or store any material without expressed written permission.